+34 958 63 01 14 info@velascolawyers.com

Are the penalties for not wearing a mask legal?

Yes, according to the Order of 14th July 2020, in Andalusia, the use of masks is mandatory for everyone over 6 years of age, even if a safety distance of 2 meters is guaranteed. Masks must be used in all open public and closed spaces, offices, shops, public transport,...

Domestic partnerships in Andalusia – part 2

Fiscal situation The Spanish Tax Administration recognizes two forms of family units: Married couples (with or without children) and Non-married couples or legally separated fathers or mothers who live with the children Domestic partners cannot file a joint...

Making a testament in Spain is essential

If you, as a foreigner, own a property or any assets in Spain, it is not only advisable to make a testament also in Spain – it is essential! 1. You decide who to leave your assets and property and their amounts, not the Spanish law. 2. It can run concurrent with...

Insurance in case of natural disasters

In Spain, private insurance does not cover physical nor material damage caused by natural disasters, like extraordinary floods, earthquakes, terrorist acts or the actions of the Armed Forces. In these cases, the Insurance Compensation Consortium (Consorcio de...

Domestic partnerships in Andalusia

Almost all Spanish Communities have passed laws in order to equate domestic partnerships and marriages, however, the laws vary from one community to another. In this article we refer to the legislation of Andalusia: If you live in a domestic partnership, you should...

Brexit 2020 and its consequences for UK citizens in Spain

On the 31st of January 2020 the UK will leave the European Union. Until the end of 2020 the UK wants to negotiate a Free Trade Agreement with the EU – a very short time frame. However, the petition for another prolongation of the transition period, which must be...

Labelling on food products

As a standard, a label of a food product, by law, must give the following information: The name of the company and its address (producer, packer or seller of the product) List of ingredients including allergens, quantity of certain ingredients Minimum duration or...

Consumer rights in restaurants

The State (Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism) and the Autonomous Communities (Registry of Tourism) are responsible for the general regulations for restaurants, cafés and bars In Spain. The respective town halls monitor the compliance with urban regulations,...

New mortgage law in Spain

The Spanish Congress of Deputies has approved the new mortgage law. After having been ratified by the Senate, the new mortgage law has been published in the Official State Gazette (BOE) in March and will come into force on 16/06/2019. The most important changes are...

New reductions on Inheritance and Donations Tax

On the 09/04/2019 the Junta de Andalucía approved the reduction of tax on inheritances of amounts over one million Euros to 1 %. The previous regulation from 1st January 2018, approved to increase the minimum exempt of inheritance tax from 250,000 € to 1,000,000 €....

Reform of Rental Properties Law approved

Property rental agreements are ruled by the Law 29/1994, of November 24, on Urban Leases (“Ley de Arrendamientos Urbanos” (LAU)). Vacation rental contracts have specific regulations and those for use other than housing (commercial premises, garages …) are...

LOPD – the Organic Law on Data Protection

Throughout 2019 two laws which were reformed at the end of 2018 – the Organic Law on Data Protection (LOPD) and the Trademark Law – will generate great changes in the technological world. Here we have a look at the changes of the Data Protection Law: Video...

News and changes in holiday rentals

With approval of the Royal Decree 1070/2017, which took effect on January 1, 2019, all persons or entities that have intermediate properties for temporary tourism purposes, will be required to submit an informative statement quarterly. This includes also collaborative...

Non-resident tax and rental income tax in Spain

If you are not a resident in Spain (non-resident) and own urban property, you are subject to Personal Income Tax, Property Tax and local Real Estate Tax. Fiscal representative As a non-resident, you need to appoint a fiscal representative in Spain. Your fiscal...

Self-employed must join RED system of Social Security

From October 1, 2018, self-employed professionals must realize their procedures with the General Treasury of Social Security electronically, including the reception and signing of notifications (OM ESS/214/2018, of March 1) and are required to be registered in the RED...


The present economic outlook for Spain is far better than few years ago. Nevertheless, unemployment is still high with figures around 18%. Specifically, in Andalusia the unemployment rate is around 28% with a rate of 57.8% for people under 25 years old. While some of...

Mortgage Floor Clauses

On the 21 December 2016, the European Court of Justice produced a Judgment, in relation to mortgage loans and the limitations set by the Spanish Supreme Court, regarding the unfair practice of clauses relating to minimum interest rates. The Bank of Spain has estimated...

Changes in the regulations Inheritance tax in Andalusia 2016-2017

The amount of inheritance tax paid in Andalucía differs from other autonomous regions, such as Madrid, Catalonia, Valencia or the Balearics. The Decree-Law 4/2016, of July 26th, on urgent measures relating to the Inheritance and Donation Tax in Andalusia brings...

Catastro, cadastral value and the implication of the revision 2016

The cadastre office is an administrative register belonging to the tax office department (Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda) which is used as an inventory of real estate in Spain and contains information regarding the tax value of the properties inscribed.It also...

What is a First Occupation licence?

A first occupation licence is a very important document and purchasing brand new properties without it might have serious consequences. When a builder completes a construction for residential use, the Spanish legislation forces the owner to ask the town hall a First...

Social-Security Aid for Pregnancy in Spain

Pregnant women, resident in Spain and registered in the Spanish social security, are entitled to a series of benefits depending on their particular situation. There are also additional benefits depending on the autonomous community in which you are resident.

Purchasing Property in Spain

The first step is to request a Nota Simple from the Land Registry (Registro de la Propiedad in Spanish). A Nota Simple is a standardised report describing the property in all its aspects, including:

Building or Renovating Property

There are strict planning regulations in Spain. Nowadays, local administrations enforce these regulations rigorously; certainly a big change from just few years ago. Failure to follow the planning regulations can result in fines. If the modernisation or repair of the building requires making external alterations, such as erecting external walls, installing larger windows or new doorways, you need planning permission and a building license from the local town hall. This is called in Spain “Licencia de Obra” (works license).

New Law on Citizen Security

This is one of the most controversial laws of the last 10 years. It came into force on the 1st July 2015 under the general condemnation of the opposition parties.

Capital-Gain Tax for Non-Residents in 2015 & 2016

The introduction of law 26/2014 of the 27 of November changed dramatically the way Capital-Gain Tax from the sale of an unmovable asset (a property) is calculated. This law entered in application from the 1st January 2015 end will set a roadmap for the next few years.

Disputes between Neighbours

Interactions with neighbours are sometimes difficult. Statistics show that at least 2 in 3 Spanish households have had past conflicts with a neighbour. Sources of conflict can be comprised of unpaid, community-owners’ fees, noise & disturbances created by pets, occupation of parking spaces, foul odours and water leaking from balconies. In rural land, the most common disputes come from right of ways and settlements over plot boundaries.

Crowd funding legislation in Spain

Crowdfunding is a financing model that is rapidly gaining momentum all over the world. It works by collecting monetary contributions from a large number of people through an internet platform, with the objective to finance a project or a venture.

Ownership of Firearms in Spain

The Legislation on the use and ownership of firearms in Spain is probably one of the most restrictive in Europe. This is included in the Spanish constitution under article 149.26 where it is said that the Spanish government has exclusive competence control over production, sale, possession and use of firearms and explosives.

Support & protection of Crime victims

Directive 2012/29/UE of the European Union is a very ambitious law project, with the aim of setting a minimum standard of rights for the victims of crimes in the European Union. The diversity of legal systems in the EU makes this project very challenging.

Exceptional Weather Insurance Claims

Most of the time, in cases of extraordinary weather conditions, damages to your house will be covered by your house insurance. In special cases certain damages will be covered by a semi-public organisation called Consorcio de Compensación de seguros (CCS in short).

Loss of Work Compensation

If a company in Spain employs you and for any reason you get fired, there are several administration procedures that have to be pursued.

January Sales: Consumer Rights

January and July are traditionally periods when shops are offering discounts and sales. In Spain this is regulated by the law 1/2007 of the 30 November. This law which is also called “ley de consumidores” has been updated several times (last update came on the 29 March 2014).

Broadband: What You Get

In Spain consumer-grade, fixed broadband is delivered to the clients using mainly 5 types of technologies: ADSL2+, VDSL2, FTTH (or fibre to the home), Coaxial cable and WLL (Wireless local loop, long range WiFi or any other wireless technology with the objective of simulating a fixed landline connection).

Starting a Business in Spain

The report Doing Business 2014, published by The World Bank put Spain at rank 142 in the ease of starting a business, with an average of 23 days for the time to create a company (a very long time if we compare with other EU economies)

School Admission in Spain

In Spain, the education system is regulated by the LOE or Ley Organica de Education. This law states the major principles and requirements for running the system. Nevertheless the implementation of these principles is delegated to the different autonomous regions resulting in many differences in the day-to-day functioning of schools.

The Spanish fiscal reform 2014

On the 20th June 2014 the government published a draft for a package of fiscal reforms intended to decrease the level of fiscal pressure on the Spanish economy. The general level of income tax will be lowered, both for companies and individuals, however as many tax allowances are to be abolished, there will be situations where this new law will effectively increase fiscal pressure.

Divorce in Spain – planning and first steps

In cases of irretrievable breakdown of a marriage sometimes the only solution is to file for a divorce. Spain has one of the most comprehensive and fair family laws in Europe making the process quick and easy, moreover Spanish law doesn’t require stating a reason for the divorce and the process can be initiated by a single party.